xnet2.gif (2073 Byte)

 

... connecting the future...

 

backxnet.gif (1593 Byte)  downldgif.gif (1456 Byte)

 

Commands for the user

The part 1 of this description contains information over the commands of the node, that a User can call. These commands are available of course also to the Sysop.

Bbs

Places the User into the Mailbox. The prompt will change to inform the user if he/she is on the node or in the mailbox.The node prompt (unless changed by the sysop) looks like:

=>

When inside the Mailbox-Bbs, the default prompt gives:

, DL1XYZ, DL2GWA DE DB0SIG > 


Connect < call >

With the Connect command, a connection links the user into another node. The user can input,

CONNECT N1VHB or also with C N1VHB

because that the list of the known routes is scanned first after the Call DB0XYZ.

  1. If the route is found in the FlexNet-List or TheNetNode-List, a Connect takes place over the better way there.
  2. If the route should not be found in the FlexNet - or TNN-Table, then the route is looked in the Local-List and if the route was built, the connect will use that.
  3. If the sought route is not found still, then the MH-List is searched and used.
  4. If no entry is found also there, the only possibility remains that to try on the Default-Port of the Digis. The Default-Port is configured by the Sysop.

A connection-construction can also be aimed on a certain Port, for example to execute a connect on port 1:

C 1:N1VHB

On this instance, the user has chosen to force a connect on Port 1 to N1VHB, however link failures may show the following errors:

Failure with...: the sought partner has not reported 
Busy from... : the partner has refused a connection-construction. 

A Connect command can be stopped prior to a link at anytime through a < RETURN >. If another command is sent during a Connect request, the new Connect request will void the initial Connect request and must be resent.


DAMA

Dama displays all Users of the node that takes part momentarily in DAMA. As well, the priority of the Users is shown.


Desti

The Destinations Table generates a route-table of all FlexNet-Nodes that are attainable over this Digipeater.

DB0FNB 0-15 65 DB0FPS 0-15 217 DB0FRBS 0-6 64 DB0FRBS 8-8 77 
DB0LEL 0-15 5 DB0LHRS 0-15 64 DB0LJS 0-15 195 DB0LOES 0-5 45 
DB0QS 3-3 85 DB0QTS 0-15 22 DB0RAVS 0-7 7 DB0RBAS 0-7 8 
  /                        /                            /
Call - SSID  RTT (in 100ms) 

Information on one callsign can be found with the argument CALL, for example D N1VHB:

* * * N1VHB (0-8) T=40 
=>
* * * route: N1URO-9 N1VHB
=>

The Call of the requested node appears, with which SSID-range it holds, and the round trip time. Additionally, the route from the exit-node appears up to the goal-node.

The retrieval of the route-table can be shown also by searching specific strings, for example all FlexNet-Destination nodes that begin with DB0B will show:

D DB0B

DB0BAC 0-15 94 DB0BADS 0-7 1579 DB0BAXS 0-9 3 DB0BBGS 0-10 4 
DB0BCC 0-15 236 DB0BIBS 0-7 8 DB0BIDS 0-15 208 DB0BLNS 0-15 980 
DB0BM 0-8 461 DB0BMIS 0-15 319 DB0BOHS 0-12 855 DB0BOSS 0-15 273 
DB0BOX 0-12 326 DB0BQS 0-0 792 


Help

Here, the User gets a listing of the node-commands

command: description 
 
Bbs: Mailbox 
C! : Connect without reconnect 
Connect: Connect 
DAMA: DAMA USERS AND PRIORITIES 
Dest: Destinations 
Help: help 
Left: show of to NetROM partner left 
MSg: message to other users 
NEws: news 
Nodes: lists Nodes 
NRR: sends NetROM Record route pack 
Port: port parameter 
HP: PROCESSES 
Quit: quit fights 
SAps: SAPs 
Stati: statistics 
SYsop: sysop 
User: shows users 
Version: software version 
 
External: 
 
FLASHCPY MH INFO 
For more details character ' help < command > '. 

External commands (External) are XTP-Files (system macros), that can be executed. These are programmed by the node Sysop, loaded in the Digi, and are available to the users after it. Such macros may be build to create shortcuts or display information files.


Info

An information-text is displayed if the Sysop has created an INFO.INF file in the node.


Links

Show the links with the corresponding Ports. The L-Command answers XNet with the list of attainable neighbor-nodes:

LINK TO Q/T RTT TX CON TKB/RKB TXQ/RXQ RR+% BIT/S 
 
1:DB0SIG-1 QS 251 22/12 1 0:44 8/4 71/98 24.1 38 
2:HB9AK QS 253 14/14 0 23:25 1643/473 98/98 1.5 205 
2:DB0BAX TS 5 6/3 0 0:50 8/43 99/99 3.3 140 
4:HB9AK-14 TS 2 1/1 0 144:55 2456/2345 100/100 0.6 569 
  \    \      \        \      \    \          \           \        \      \
   \    \      \        \      \    \          \           \        \      \
Port \ callsign. \ from - \ TX-KByte / TX/RX - RR+ into figurative 
\ Ratio. / \ standing \ RX-KByte Quality percent Bit/Second 
Link to.. Pain. RTT - TX-FRAMES \ 
Measurement Connected 
since... 


LOcals

Local-Nodes, these are interrogated over the LOCAL-Command. This shows locally programmed routes/nodes.


MHeard

A listing of the heard Calls sends with date, time and RX-Byte. On this occasion, heard listings are shown only directly by the calls into the Digipeater.

p:call - date Time byte 
1:DL2GWA 4.11.95 12:55:26 22134 
4:DB0BAX 4.11.95 12:55:23 1398221 
1:DL1GJI-1 4.11.95 12:54:53 159193 

Through input MH < number > can the Heardlist that with < number > stated number list-entries sends, maximum 100), z.B. MH 20 spends a list of the last 20 entries. It also can select a Call or interrogated the Heard-List of a channel.

MH DL2GWA

p:call - date Time byte 
1:DL2GWA 4.11.95 12:55:54 22317 
1:DL2GWA-3 3.11.95 23:09:13 4117 

MH 1

p:call - date Time byte 
1:DL2GWA-2 12.10.96 17:28:21 2806 
1:DL1GJI-11 12.10.96 17:28:09 517185 
1:DB0SIG-1 12.10.96 17:27:54 117804 


Nodes

NetRom NODES-List.

Node Table: 
SZ :DB0ABZ 	LG70 :DB0AGM 	LGBOX :DB0AGM-5 	LGTCP :DB0AGM-10 
K :DB0AIM 	BAL :DB0BAL 	BRO :DB0BRO 	CE :DB0CEL 
12 Nodeses 

Description:

SZ :DB0ABZ 
  \       \
Alias Call 

Widened representation with N * yields nodes with the value of the Obsolence-Counter and the connection-quality:

Node Table: 
SZ :DB0ABZ 3/106 		EL :DB0ACM 1/52 		LG70 :DB0AGM 5/92 
LGBOX :DB0AGM-5 5/92 	LGTCP :DB0AGM-10 5/92	 K :DB0AIM 5/97 
SH9600:DB0AZ 5/83 		BAL :DB0BAL 5/125 		BSUED :DB0BER 3/42 
27 Nodeses 

Description:

SZ :DB0ABZ 3/106 
  \       \        \  \ 
Alias:Call \ Quality/Obsolescence-counters 

Nodes can also with the argument " alias ", for example N KS shows:

routing DB0EAM v HB9AK maximum 14 hops
DB0EAM DL1GJI-11 0/6 
DB0EAM DL1GWX-9 0/6 
> DB0EAM HB9AK 209/6 
T = 43.0 SES 

The Nodes-List can also show matches with strings. For example N HB9... is scanned and shows all attainable HB9-Digises.

AG-BOX:HB9AJ-8 	SARTG :HB9AK 	AK :HB9AK-1 	AK :HB9AK-7 
AMTOR :HB9AK-9 	TITLIS:HB9AK-14 	SH :HB9AU 	SH-BOX:HB9AU-8 
STBERG:HB9EAS 	EASBOX:HB9EAS-8 	EASBOX:HB9EAS-9 	TI :HB9EI 
BERN :HB9F 	GL :HB9GL 		GL-BOX:HB9GL-8 	GLD :HB9GL-13 

With N < CALL > the route additionally appears:

routing HB9AE-1 v HB9AK maximum 12 hops

> HB9AE-1 HB9AK 220/6 
HB9AE-1 HB9AK-14 215/6 

=>
* * * route: DB0SIG HB9AK HB9ZRH HB9AE-1 * HB9ZRH HB9AK DB0SIG 


NRR

Netrom Record route;

Which route a frame takes through the network with Netrom. Routing problems are uncovered by the command NRR.


MSg

News can be conveyed to a User (Call), that is in the system. The recipient of the Message must be on the node - or mailbox-level of the system so that he/she gets the message.


POrt

With the Port command a list of the logical Ports is displayed.

port baud interface txd per slt w ret qua dup dam dual

0 1200 0 SCC1 HSKISS 220 64 250 3 10 128 0 0 1 
1 9600 1 SCC1 HSKISS 220 128 100 5 10 128 0 0 1 
2 9600 2 SCC1 HSKISS 1 255 50 7 10 128 255 0 0 
3 19200 3 SCC1 HSKISS 220 64 100 5 10 128 0 0 0 
4 9600 4 SCC1 HSKISS 175 255 50 7 10 128 0 0 0 
5 9600 5 SCC1 HSKISS 220 64 100 5 10 128 0 0 0 


HP

Process-Status;

The list of current active processes in the node are displayed. It is used mainly for the debugging:

DL2GWA 488DE 1 1200 356 906 0 0002 9DD00003 
CHRON A508 1 400 256 322 0 2014 222644 
STATSD 3A254 1 400 216 282 7365722D 2018 20AA1E 
HDLC 7506 1 800 524 730 0 2014 210422 

The process CRON starts the time-dependent processes in the (X)Net node.


SAps

Services Access Points;

Overview over the status of the service-access-points (SAPs) of the different layers (OSI-Terminology). Over the SAPS-command, the node-operator receives an exact overview what runs out " momentarily in the different levels of the Digipeaters ", for example in the transport display, subcommands are used for SAPS 2, 4, and 7. Through input from:

SAPS

one gets following representation:

Subcommands are: 

Name Description 

1 hardware Layer info 
2llc Layer 2 info: Logical Link Control 
2mac Layer 2 info: medium Access Control 
4 conveyances of Layer 4 info 
7 Application Layer 7 info 

SA 1

DISFC: 0 ABTSCS: 0 CRCECS: 0 RETRCS 0 NMARCS 0 
INTER: 0 

SA 2LLC

1 P1 I: DB0SIG C 2:HB9AK DB0BAXS 
Z: 5 RXS: 0 TX: 0 NS: 0 10 OS: 7 SRTTS: 618 6E56 
T1: 1468 - - - T2: 287 - - - T3: 180000 17875 
CON: 4:46:22 TX pain: 96% RX tortures: 50% RR+S 85% 
TX: 1711 bytes RX: 0 bytes of baud: 0 
5 P1 I: DB0SIG C 1:DL2GWA 
Z: 5 RXS: 0 TX: 3 NS: 0 10 OS: 7 SRTTS: 901 307F8 
T1: 2132 2297 T2S: 280 - - - T3: 180000 179920 

SA 2MAC

@d 0 ps 64 ts 220 ws 250 bauds 1200 
	  o 3 ns 10 t3s 180000 
@d 0 ps 64 ts 180 ws 60 bauds 9600 
	  o 7 ns 10 t3s 180000 
@d 0 ps 64 ts 220 ws 50 bauds 9600 
	  o 7 ns 10 t3s 180000 
@d 0 ps 64 ts 180 ws 100 bauds 9600 
	  o 5 ns 10 t3s 180000 

SA 4

4 P0 I: DB0SIG C 0:DL1GJI V DL1GJI T: 36BC4 
Z: 2 RXS: 0, 0, TX: 0 NS: 0 4 OS: 10-- 
TA: 4000 - - - TB: 180000 - - - TT: 14355 - - - TK: 7200000 6858660 
6 P0 I: DL1GWX-4 C 0:DL1GJI V DL1GJI T: 366B4 
Z: 2 RXS: 0, 0, TX: 0 NS: 0 4 OS: 10-- 
TA: 4000 - - - TB: 180000 - - - TT: 14355 - - - TK: 7200000 7194290 

The abbreviations mean: TA: condition IXF TB: Timer Ack TT: Tfrack TK: Timeout

SA 7

Terminal Channels: 
Incoming Connects: 
3 P1 I: DB0SIG C 2:DG4MKX DB0BAX DB0HOB 
Z: 5 RXS: 0 TX: 0 NS: 0 10 OS: 7 SRTTS: 637 31198 
T1: 1531 - - - T2: 294 - - - T3: 180000 135740 
4 P1 I: DB0SIG C 1:DL1GWX-1 
Z: 5 RXS: 0 TX: 0 NS: 0 10 OS: 7 SRTTS: 828 30CC8 
T1: 1879 - - - T2: 280 - - - T3: 180000 170225 
5 P1 I: DB0SIG C 1:DL2GWA 
Z: 5 RXS: 0 TX: 1 NS: 0 10 OS: 7 SRTTS: 930 307F8 
T1: 2033 2233 T2S: 280 - - - T3: 180000 179960 
Outgoing Connects: 


Stat

The statistics-command generates following list:

System statistics (27:31:41) 

Value | now | min | Max | totally | 
nodes | 141 | 84 | 179 | - | 
destinations | 570 | 421 | 617 | - | 
routes | 243 | 89 | 355 | - | 
left | 3 | 1 | 5 | - | 
connections | 3 | 0 | 18 | - | 
buffer | 291 | 240 | 292 | - | 
free memory | 72304 | 72304 | 242080 | - | 
used memory | 177626 | 174994 | 195742 | - | 
used memblocks | 28 | 22 | 45 | - | 
process switch [hz] | 5007 | 536 | 5207 | - | 
timer accuracy | 60005 | 60000 | 60015 | - | 
L3 PACKETS/MIN | 59 | 3 | 158 | 59974 | 
L4 PACKETS/MIN | 2 | 1 | 124 | 16982 | 
totally baud (MAC) | 1657 | 127 | 12173 | 21435588 | 
Uptime: 1/03:31 

Explanation to the individual values:

Nodes:

NetRom-Node neighbors

Destinations:

FlexNet-Destination neighbors

Routes:

Routes

Left:

NetRom-Links

Connections:

L2 and L4 Layers

Buffer:

Available storage for AX25-Packets

Free memory:

Available RAM-storage

Used memory:

Used RAM

Used Memblocks:

Used Memory-Blocks

Process Switch:

Frequency of the Processes in Hz

Timer Accuracy:

Precision of the Software-Timer

L3 PACKETS/MIN:

Routing-Information

L4 PACKETS/MIN:

L4-NetRom-Packets

Totally baud:

Baud rate and sum all byte converted by the Digi

The statement, how long the node is in business continuously, emerges from:

System statistics (25:52:08) 

The edition takes place in Hr:Min:Sec while the Uptime is shown in Days/Hr:Min:

Uptime: 1/01:52 


User

After the input of U (for USER) appears for example:

1 9600 T IXF 0 0 DB0SIG DL1GJI V DL1GJI-11 
1 9600 L IXF 0 0 DB0SIG DL2GWA 
1 9600 L IXF 0 0 DB0SIG DL2GWA-2 
2 9600 L IXF 0 0 DB0SIG DL6ABC-1 V DB0BAX DB0AAB 

1 9600 L IXF 0 0 DL2GWA DL1GJI V DB0SIG * DL1GJI-11 
2 9600 T IXF 0 0 DL6ABC-1 VK2PK-5 V VK2PK-5 

6 connections

The upper row shows all " incoming Connects " the low row all " outgoing Connects ". The Link port appears in the first column. The second column shows the baud rate for this Port. The Link status follows after it showing the exactly active L2-Linkstatus, with which following news is possible,:

SET = LINK-SETUP 
FMR = FRAME REJECT 
DRQ = DISCONNECT REQUEST 
IXF = info transfer 
REJ = REJ Send 
WAK = WAITING ACKKNOWLEDGE 
DBS = DEVICE BUSY 
RBS = REMOTE BUSY 
BBS = BOTH BUSY 
WDB = WAITING ACK AND DEVICE BUSY 
WRB = WAITING ACK AND REMOTE BUSY 
WBB = WAITING ACK AND BOTH BUSY 
RDB = REJ Send and Device Busy 
RRB = REJ Send and Remote Busy 
RBB = REJ Send and Both Busy 
HTH = HOP TO HOP 

The last column announces the User that is interconnected exactly with the Digipeater.


Version

The command VERSION gives information about the current software-version from XNET being used with a brief display of the number of the maximum possible layer-connections.

NETROM 0.64 FOR TNC3S 

100 L7 SAPs for User services 
66 L7 SAPS RESERVED FOR OUTGOING CONNECTS 
4 L7 SAPS FOR SYSOP-TERMINAL 
40 L4 SAPS FOR NETROM 
0 L4 SAPS FOR TCP/IP 
200 L3 NETROM NODESES 
700 L3 FLEXNET DESTINATIONSES 
20 L2 SAPs for AX.25 Links 
100 L2 SAPS FOR USER AX.25 
20 L1 PORTS FOR AX.25 

TF-VERSION 2.00 TNC3BOXS 1.30 
COMPILED:AUG 25 1996 16:40:44, C, JIMY, DL1GJI 


Quit

Disconnect of the node is induced with Quit.


 *This page was translated from German to English by Brian N1URO from the XNET online documents home

page.